wdt_ID Press type Model Manufacturer Platen size WxL cm Bed size WxL cm Impression mechanism Location City Country Date of manufacture Date of manufacture 2 Serial n° Photo Remarks Wilkes page Press owner (if different) Verified Loc # DB file
8689 Miscellaneous Albion Cope chill Museum of Transport & Technology Auckland New Zealand 161 F 24 OW
8690 Wooden Improved Common Genard/Paris 5-1/2x7-3/4 7x9-1/2 screw National Museum of American History Washington United States 1786 F T 4 NA
8691 Stanhope Walker 60.3x89.3 lever-screw Salford Museum & Art Gallery Salford UK 1804 0 T Staple thicker above legs 76 39 EU
8692 Stanhope Walker lever-screw Gunnersbury Park Museum London UK 1804 5 T 'used by Chiswick Press', oldest surviving 76 318 EU
8693 Stanhope Walker 48.3x63.5 lever-screw Birmingham Museum of Science & Discovery Birmingham UK 1805 160 T 76 9 EU
8694 Stanhope Walker 57x84 lever-screw Science Museum London UK 1805 234 T from OUP; (in storage 5/2016) 76 29 EU
8695 Stanhope Walker lever-screw Beamish: Living Museum of the North County Durham UK 1805 67 T ex-Middlesbrough 76 314 EU
8696 Wooden Common Adam Ramage screw The International Printing Museum Carson United States 1806 492 T T 1 NA
8697 Acorn Stanhope Walker 24x36 compound lever/screw The International Printing Museum Carson United States 1810 439 F T 1 NA
8698 Stanhope Stanhope lever-screw Toppan Printing Museum Tokyo Japan 1813 F 6 OW
8699 Stanhope Stanhope Walker lever-screw Wai-te-ata Press, Victoria University Wellington New Zealand 1813 108 T 16 OW
8700 Wooden Common Adam Ramage 18-1/2x23-7/8 (repro) 23-5/8x29-3/4 (iron plate 19-1/2x25-3/8) screw (3-1/2' D) Juniata College Huntingdon United States 1814 371 T from Frank King, son of Christian King G14 F 100 NA
8701 Columbian George Clymer 57.2x85 compound lever Ian Stephens Northampton UK 1818 13 T bed 62.2x82.5 118 154 EU
8702 Harp Columbian George Clymer compound lever PrintMac Co - Paul Carthew Smithfield, NSW Australia 1818 10 F 71 OW
8703 Columbian George Clymer compound lever Simpson Printer Wiltshire UK 1819 25 T 118 155 EU
8704 Columbian George Clymer compound lever Privately owned 10156 UK 1819 23 F 118 156 EU
8705 Columbian George Clymer 57x82 compound lever Watford Museum Hertfordshire UK 1820 47 T bar near side 118 43 EU
8706 Stanhope J. Brooks lever-screw Nick Hand Bristol UK 1820 F supposedly only known surviving Brooks 76 99 EU
8707 Wooden Proof/Foolscap Adam Ramage screw The International Printing Museum Carson United States 1820 F T 1 NA
8708 Harp Columbian George Clymer 20x26 compound lever Ted Salkin/Prime, Inc. Healdsburg United States 1821 T T 151 NA
8709 Columbian George Clymer 50.2x67.3 compound lever St. Bride Library London UK 1822 144 T 118 30 EU
8710 Columbian George Clymer 50x87 compound lever Cambridge University Press Museum Cambridge UK 1822 0 T bed 56x87; bar far side 118 83 EU
8711 Harp Columbian George Clymer? 22x33 compound lever The International Printing Museum Carson United States 1822 T T 1 NA
8712 Columbian George Clymer compound lever Patrick Goossens, Letterkunde Press Antwerp Belgium 1823 169 T bar far side 118 105 EU
8713 Columbian George Cymer compound lever Howard & Hargreaves Lancashire UK 1823 149 F listed 1979 by Moran 118 219 EU
Press type Model Manufacturer Location City Country Date of manufacture

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A note on the difference between Press type and Model

The difference between Press type and Model is subtle (perhaps even in some cases imaginary!).
Press type refers principally to the shape or form of the frame: for example ‘acorn’, ‘harp’, ‘columbian’ or ‘stanhope’.
Model refers to the commonly-used nomenclature of generic press types: such as ‘common’, ‘Dingler’, ‘Smith’, ‘Hagar’.
Rather confusingly, some terms are used to describe both frame shapes and generic models: ‘columbian’, ‘stanhope’, ‘washington’, for example.

Frame shapes evolved in iron presses, especially in the USA, from ‘acorn’ with variations, to ‘H’ or ‘rectangular’ like the traditional American Washington-style frame which was extensively copied in Europe as well as in North America with several different toggle systems. The Washington hand press, however, is defined by its unique toggle and no known European hand press copied that toggle exactly except for one German maker who copied Shniedewend’s Reliance exactly, so if the Press type is given as Washington then it is almost certain it is American.
Model is a more general descriptor. Stanhopes were made by probably a couple of dozen European manufacturers, and Dingler was both a manufacturer and a model style that was copied by others as of course was the Washington in the US (nearly every hand press maker in the US built Washington hand presses). To add to the confusion, many American inventors devised different toggle systems and issued them in the Rust-invented Washington-style frame.