Foundation dates of museums in the fields of printing and graphic communication

 

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Links to the websites of many of the museums still in existence today can be found here.

1843

Stanza dei punzoni, Biblioteca Palatina, Parma, Italy. Gallery reserved for the display of the tools and typographical punches of Giambattista Bodoni (1740-1813). It was closed sometime before the Second World War, to reappear again in 1963 in the form of the Museo Bodoniano which, larger than its predecessor, brought together all the typographical material, archives and printed works of Bodoni.

1852

Meermanno Museum, The Hague, Netherlands

1877

Musée Plantin-Moretus, Antwerp, Belgium

1884

Deutsches Buch- und Schriftmuseum (German museum of books and writing), Leipzig, Germany. Originally the Deutsches Buchgewerbemuseum (German book trade museum), it changed name in 1950 when it was integrated with the Deutsche bücherei (German national library).

1890 circa.

South Kensington Museum paper-making and printing section, London, United Kingdom. A section of the Museum devoted to paper-making and printing machinery was described in a catalogue dating from 1890.

1895

St Bride printing library, London, United Kingdom (later opened a miseum space)

1897

Musée Jenisch, Vevey, Switzerland. Founded as a fine arts museum it became home to the Oskar Kokoschka and Canton of Vaud print collections in 1989

1900

Gutenberg museum, Mainz, Germany

Gutenberg museum, Bern, Switzerland, originally created at the ‘Chambre Gutenberg’ in the local history museum, it remained under the auspices of the City of in Berne until 1985. In 1991 it was decided to move the Museum to Fribourg where it opened in the year 2000.

1902

Het Persmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands. On 3 May 2017, the Press Museum merged with the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision. The building of the Persmuseum in Amsterdam closed its doors to the public on 19 June 2017.

1904

Museum Enschedé, Haarlem, Netherlands. The museum was closed in 1990 when the Joh. Enschedé offices moved to the Oudeweg. The extensive printed and archival collections of the Museum Enschedé were transferred from the Enschedé printing firm to the North Holland archives in 2014. The historical printing equipment is currently in storage with the Enschedé firm (2015).

1906

Musée du livre, Brussels, Belgium. Installé un an plus tard dans la Maison du livre puis, de 1911 à 1929, au Mundaneum, enfin dans les magasins du Palais des Beaux-Arts de Bruxelles jusqu’à sa fermeture dans les années 1950.

1907

Musée international de la presse, Mons, Belgium. Créé à la suite d’un congrès de la presse périodique, ce nouveau musée fut intégré aux collections de l’Institut international de bibliographie et géré en collaboration avec le Cercle des collectionneurs de journaux et de l’Union de la presse périodique. L’objectif en était de collecter au minimum le premier et le dernier numéro de chaque périodique publié dans le monde. Il fait partie aujourd’hui du Mundaneum, centre d’archives et lieu d’exposition.

1911

Museum het Rembrandthuis (Rembrandt house museum), Amsterdam, Netherlands. The house in which the artist lived from 1639 to 1656 was bought by the City of Amsterdam and set up as a foundation on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Rembrandt in 1906. Dedicated principally the artist’s graphic work, the collection grew rapidely in the first half of the century and currently includes 260 of the 290 known etchings by Rembrandt.

1917

John M. Wing Foundation on the History of Printing, Newberry Library, Chicago, United States. Although neither a museum, nor European, the Wing collection merits mention as a landmark resource in the history of typography. Continually enriched since the original bequest, is it one the World’s leading collections in the field.

1925

Biblioteca Estense (permanent book exhibition), Modena, Italy.

1929

Biblioteca Nationale Marciana (permanent book exhibition), Venice, Italy. Fermée en 1974.

Biblioteca Braidense (permanent book exhibition), Milan, Italy. The permanent exhibition was closed at the end of the 1930s, though the same space was brought back into service for temporary exhibitions in the early 1950s.

1930

Crane Museum of Papermaking, Dalton, Massachusetts, United States. A company museum belonging to the long-established Crane firm of papermakers.

1934

Museo del libro e della miniatura, Florence, Italy.

1938

Museo dell’Istitutio centrale di patologia del libro, Rome, Italy.

1939

Biblioteca Nazionali di Napoli (permanent book exhibition), Naples, Italy. Was closed sometime around 1967.

Dard Hunter Paper Museum, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States. The Museum relocated in 1954 to the Institute of Paper Chemistry (now the Renewable Bioproducts Institute at Georgia Tech, Atlanta) and continues today as the Robert C. Williams Museum of Papermaking.

1942

Secció del Gravat Popular, Barcelona, Spain. Collection of popular engraving established as part of the Museu d’Indústries i Arts Populars des Poble Espanyol.

1943

Moulin Richard de Bas (Richard de Bas paper mill), Ambert, France.

1949

Calico Museum of Textiles, Ahmedabad, India. Part of the permanent display is dedicated to the techniques of calico printing.

1953

Klingspor museum, Offenbach, Germany.

1955

Musée de l’impression sur étoffes (Museum of textile printing), Mulhouse, France

Deutsches Spielkartenmuseum, Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Germany. Founded as a private museum. Subsequently changed hands and was reinstalled in 1972. Taken over by the municipality and the region in the mid-1980s.

1956

King Library Press, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States. (Bibliographical press.)

1961

Museu Moli Paperer de Capellades, Capellades, Spain.

1962

Internationales Zeitungsmuseum (International newspaper museum), Aachen, Germany. The core collection of the museum was amassed over a period of nearly forty years by Oskar von Forckenbeck (1822-1898), whose widow gifted it to the city of Aachen on her husband’s death. Forckenbeck first exhibited a selection from his collection in 1886. The collection was transferred to its present location in 1931. The musem opened on the occason of a celebration to honnor Julius Reuter (1816-1899) who founded his news agency in Pontstrasse in 1849.

Grafisch Centrum Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

Kékfestö Múzeum (indigo textile printing museum), Pápa, Hungary

1963

Museo Bodoniano (Bodoni museum), Parma, Italy

1963

Bibliothèque Forney, Paris, France. Fondée en 1886, la Bibliothèque Forney s’installe dans l’hôtel de Sens en 1961 et organise des expositions dans le domaine graphique à partir de 1963.

1964

Musée de l’imprimerie et de la communication graphique (Museum of printing and graphic communication), Lyon, France. Originally the Musée de l’imprimerie, it changed its name in 2014 on the occasion of a major reorganisation of its permanent collection to mark the 50th anniversary of its founding.

National Museum of Printing History, Washington. Opened a large Hall of printing and the graphic arts in January 1964. It was closed down in December 2003.

1964

Musée Félicien Rops, Namur, Belgium

1964

Museo de artes gráficas (Graphic arts museum), Imprenta nacional de Colombia. founded 30 April 1964 by Tarcisio Higuera Barrera.

1968

Muzeum plakatu (Poster Museum), Wilanow, Poland

John Johnson collection, Bodleain Library, Oxford, United Kingdon. Originally the Constance Meade collection, created in the early 1930s

1969

Nationaal Museum van de Speelkaart (National playing card museum), Turnhout, Belgium

1970

Kner history of printing museum, Kossuth, Hungary.

1972

State museum of books and book printing, Kiev, Ukraine.

1975

Lahti poster museum, Lahti, Finland. Established as part of Lahti art museum to collect and study Finnish and other graphic design.

Grafisch Museum In den Groenen Zonck, Wouw, Netherlands. The museum originated with a private collection which has since been enriched by various donations. It takes its name from the building in which it is housed: the Groenen Zonck.

1976

Nederlands drukkerik museum, Etten-Leur, The Netherlands.

Roy Chatters “Boomerang” newspaper & printing museum, Palouse, Washington State, United States.

1977

Musée de l’imprimerie / Drukkerijmuseu, (Bibliothèque royale Albert 1er) Brussels, Belgium (since renamed Imprimarium, currently closed)

Musée de la Toile de Jouy, Jouy-en-Josas, France. Créé en 1977 pour faire renaître dans les mémoires la célèbre « Manufacture des Toiles de Jouy » , fondée en 1760 par l’entrepreneur et imprimeur Christophe-Philippe Oberkampf.

1978

Printing and papermaking gallery of the Science Museum, London, United Kingdom. The Science Museum had exhibited print-related objects since the late 19th century. The Printing and papermaking gallery was closed in 2004.

Musée de la publicité (Museum of advertising), Paris, France. Originally opened in 1981 in its own premises by the Union centrale des arts décoratifs as the Musée de l’affiche, it later changed it name to Musée de la publicité. It was later integrated within the Musée des arts décoratifs where it reopened in 1999. The constitution of the Musée’s poster collections began at the beginning of the 20th century.

Museum of printing, Haverhill, Massachusetts, United States. Incorporated in 1978 as The Friends of The Museum of Printing, Inc., to save and preserve printing equipment and library materials associated with the graphic arts.

1979

Fries grafische museum, Joure, Netherlands. Was initially part of the Fries museum in Leeuwarden. Later became part of the Joure Museum in the nearby town of the same name. It was relaunched in 1999 as a working museum.

Bibelmuseum (Bible museum), Pferdegasse, Germany

Association pour le patrimoine industriel, Geneva, Switzerland

1980

Basler Papiermuhl (Basel paper mill), Basel, Switzerland

1981

Musée Théophraste Renaudot, Loudun, France

Museu del Llibre i les Arts Gràfiques, Barcelona, Spain. The collection which formed the basis of this museum had been building up since 1968 within the Museu d’Indústries i Artes populaires. In 1989 it was renamed the Museu de les Arts Gráfiques. Closed and put into storage in 1994, a large part of its collections now form part of the Barcelona Design Museum which opened in 2014.

Banknote museum of the Ionian Bank, Corfu, Greece.

1982

John Jarrold printing museum, Norwich, United Kingdom

Musée du dessin et de l’estampe originale (Museum of drawing and printmaking), Gravelines, France.

Druckmuseum, Graz, Austria. Closed in 1999 it now exists only as a virtual, online museum.

The Printing Museum, Houston, Texas, United States.

1983

Grafisch museum/atelier ‘In den Groenen Zonck’, Wouw, Netherlands.

Musée du papier peint (Wallpaper museum), Rixheim, France.

Matou (Musée de l’affiche de Toulouse), Toulouse, France. The collection was started in 1978 but was not open to the public until the Centre de l’affiche opened in 1983. It was refurbished and reopened in April 2017 as the Matou.

Museum Stichting Lettergieten 1983 /  Museum Typefoundry Westzaan, Westzaan, Netherlands.

Rosenlöfs Tryckerimuseum, Kungsgården, Sweden.

1984

William Clowes printing museum, Beccles, Suffolk, United Kingdom. This museum is now definitively closed.

Museum of brands, packaging and advertising, London, United Kingdom. Opened in Gloucester as the Museum of packaging and advertising, it moved to London in 2005, at which time it adopted its current name.

Centre de la gravure et de l’image imprimée, La Louvière, Belgium

Denmarks mediemuseet (Danish Media Museum), Odensee, Denmark. Originally known as the Danmarks Grafiske Museum (Danish Graphic Museum) it changed its name in 2006 on the occasion of a major makeover.

Sala Temàtica d’Arts Gràfiques de la Diputació de Lleida (Graphic arts exhibition of Lleida Regional Council), Lleida (Catalonia), Spain.

Museo Fournier de Naipes (Fournier playing card museum), Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.

Museo della Carta e della Filigrana (Museum of paper and watermarks), Fabriano, Italy.

1985

Museum der Arbeit, Hamburg, Germany, whose printing section began its public activities in this year.

Beamish open air museum, Beamish, United Kingdom. Founded in 1970, the Museum included a print workshop and branch office of the Sunderland daily echo as part of the ‘town area’ which was officially opened in 1985.

Musée Louis Jou, Baux-de-Provence, France. The “Friends of Louis Jou” association was founded in 1965 and on the death of Louis Jou in 1968, his widow maintained his workshop in operation until 1997. The Foundation was set up in 1976.

1986

Imprenta municipal – Artes del libro, Madrid, Spain.

Museu de l’Estampació, Premià de Mar, Spain.

Nantes printing museum (Musée de l’imprimerie / ateliers & conservatoire des métiers du livre et de l’estampe), Nantes, France.

Musée Champollion. Les écritures du monde, Figeac, France. Originally opened as the Musée Champollion it was enlarged and reopened in 2007 with the subtitle ‘Les écritures du monde’.

Fjeld-Ljom newspaper museum (Pressemuseet Fjeld-Ljom), Røros, Norway.

American advertising museum, Portland, Oregon, United States. Dedicated to advertising from the 18th century till the present day, it had closed down by 2004.

1987

Museum für Gestaltung Zürich (Zürich design museum), Zürich, Switzerland, whose collections were started in 1875.

Dagbladmuseum, Antwerp, Belgium.

Musée des papeteries Canson et Montgolfier, Annonay, France.

Museo de la Imprenta y la Obra Gráfica (Museum of printing and the graphic arts), El Puig, (Valencia), Spain. Inaugurated in 1987. Remodelled and reopenend in 2008.

Velké Losiny paper mill, Velke Losini, Czeck Republic.

Casa de la xylografía (Xylography Museum), Campos do Jordão, State of São Paulo, Brazil.

1988

Drukkunstmuseum: historische drukkerij & grafisch atelier, Maastricht, Netherlands. Set up as the Museum de historische drukkerij, it changed name in 2014.

Musée du papier “Le Nil”, Angoulème, France.

Scryption, Tilburg, Netherlands.

The international printing museum, Carson, California, United States.

1989

Sandkrug printing museum, Oldenberg, Germany. Initially established with printing equipment from the defunct Drewes and Bührmann printing firms.

Musée de la bande dessinée, Angoulême, France. Le Musée est né avec la création, en 1989, du Centre national de la bande dessinée et de l’image (aujourd’hui Cité internationale de la bande dessinée et de l’image) et le don de la collection planches originales du Musée de beaux-arts d’Angoulême. Il est installé, depuis 2009, dans de nouveaux espaces plus grands et plus adaptés à ses différentes fonctions.

The Hall of Awa Japanese Handmade PaperTokushima, Japan. A private museum dedicated to the preservation of the techniques and skills of Awa washi papermaking.

1990

Robert Smail’s printing works, Innerleithen, United Kingdom. The printing works itelf was established in 1866.

Grafiska museet Helsingborg (Helsingborg printing museum), Helsingborg, Sweden.

Leopold-Hoesch-Museum – Papiermuseum Düren, Düren, Germany. The Papiermuseum Düren merged with the Leopold-Hoesch-Museum in 2009.

Goupil museum, Bordeaux, France.

Samseong Museum of Publishing, Seoul, South Korea.

1991

Museum Otto Schäfer, Schweinfurt, Germany.

1992

The Type archive, London, United Kingdom. Founded originally as The Type museum.

Oxford University Press Museum, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Druckgrafische Museum Weimar, Weimar, Germany.

Museum für Papier und Buchkunst, Lenningen, Germany. Donated to the municipality by the Papierfabrik Scheufelen to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the installation in Lenningen of the first paper coating machine in Europe.

The Early Printing museum, Cheongju City, Republic of Korea.

1993

Norwegian printing museum, Stavanger, Norway.

Book art museum, Lodz, Poland.

Danish poster museum (Dansk plakatmuseum), Aarhus, Denmark. In 2006 the Danish Poster Museum became part of Den Gamle By (The Old Town).

The printing house, Cockermouth, United Kingdom. The collection began to be assembled in 1979 but it was in 1993 that it was opened to the public in a purpose-built building. The museum closed in 2009, a year after the death of its founder, David Winkworth.

Melbourne Museum of Printing, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The collections originated with a typefoundry which was established in August 1977 to maintain the availability of metal types. The name change to MMOP occurred in mid-1993.

1994

Leipzig printing museum (Museum für Druckkunst), Leipzig, Germany.

Maison du patrimoine industriel et des arts graphiques, Geneva, Switzerland.

Les Silos – Maison du livre et de l’affiche, Chaumont, France.

Museo des periodismo y las artes graficas, Guadalajara, Mexico.

Dong-A printing museum (Printing culture exhibition hall), Ansan, near Seoul, South Korea. A company-sponsored printing museum first opened in 1994 then reinstalled in the Dong-A Printing’s new factory in Ansan in 2004.*

Museum of the American Printing House for the Blind, Louisville, Kentucky, United States.

1995

Colophon – Maison de l’imprimeur, Grignan, France.

Moulin de la Tourne, Les Marches, France.

Musée des imprimés en Luxembourg, Redu, Belgium.

1996

China printing museum, Beijing, China.

Crandall historical printing museum, Provo, Utah, United States.

Historische Drukkerij, Turnhout, Belgium.

Musée Aristide Bergès, Lorpe-Santareille, France.

National print museum, Dublin, Ireland.

Papeterie de Vaux, Vaux, France.

Printing Museum of Cieszyn, Cieszyn, Poland.

1997

Buchdruckmuseum Zschopau, Zschopau, Germany. Officially opened in 1997, several of the machines in the collection had been exhibited since 1993 in Zschopau Castle.

CNEAI (Centre national édition art image), Pantin, France. Originally founded as the Centre national de l’estampe et de l’art imprimé.

Druck-und Satztechnik Privatmuseum Goldschagg, Munich, Germany. Founded by newspaper publisher Rolf Goldschagg who started collecting printing machines in 1991.

Druckmuseum/Haus für Industriekultur, Darmstadt, Germany.

French playing card museum (Musée français de la carte à jouer), Issy-les-Moulineaux, France.

Jeonju Hanji Museum, Jeonju, South Korea. Originally founded as the Hansol Paper Museum, it changed its name to Pan-Asia Paper Museum in 2001, before adopting its present name in 2005.

Museo internacional de la gráfica, Chillán, Chile.

Museu nacional de imprensa, Porto, Portugal.

Museum Papiermühle Homburg, Homburg/Main, Germany.

1998

British library, London, United Kingdom. Created by act of Parliament in 1973, the British library acquired the printed collections of the British museum. It’s new building, inaugurated in 1998, devoted extensive spaces to temporary and permanent exhibitions related to books and other printed material.

Crandall historical printing museum, Provo, Utah, United States.

Museum of printing at NERAM, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.

Offizin Schwarze Kunst, Buchdruckerei-Museum und Schauwerkstatt, Krakow-am-See, Germany.

1999

Mercury print museum, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. Closed to the public in 2015.

Musée de la Biscuiterie LU, Nantes, France.

2000

Encre & plomb. Atelier-musée de l’imprimerie, Chavannes-près-Renens, Switzerland

The Grabhorn Institute, San Francisco, United States.

Japan Newspaper Museum (Newspark), Yokohama, Japan. Founded by the Nihon Shimbum Kyokai (NSK), the Japanese Newspaper Publishers & Editors Association.

Print and playing card museum of Luxembourg (Kulturhuef) / Musée luxembourgeois de l’imprimerie et de la carte à jouer / Luxemburger Druck- und Spielkartenmuseum, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg.

2001

Nederlands steendrukmuseum, Valkenswaard, Netherlands.

Druckereimuseum (Benary-Speicher Museum), Erfurt, Germany. Based on the collection put together since 1981 by employees of the local printing firm of Fortschritt.

Buchdruckerei-Museum, Burkhardtsdorf, Germany. Installed in the premises of the local Schreiber printing which closed in 1992.

Museum für Druckgeschichte, Welterswist, Germany.

Plöger paper mill, Schieder-Schwalenberg, Germany.

Päivälehti Museum, Helsinki, Finland. Dedicated to the history of newspapers and the media, contemporary media and freedom of speech in Finland and elsewhere.

Penrith Printing Museum, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia.

2002

Tipoteca italiana, Cornuda, Italy.

Buchdruck-Museum Hannover, Hanover, Germany.

Anokhi Hand Printing Museum, Amber, Jaipur, India.

2003

Archivio museo della stampa, Genoa, Italy.

Museum of the image (Musée de l’image), Épinal, France.

Bodmer museum, Cologny, Switzerland.

Stichting Grafisch Erfgoed (Graphic heritage foundation), Orvette, Netherlands (ceased activity in 2014).

Technikmuseum Im Manz-Bau (Linotype museum), Schopfheim, Germany. Unable to continue in its existing premises, the Museum closed in October 2017.

Woodblock Print Museum, Sillim-myoen, South Korea.

2004

German newspaper museum (Deutsches Zeitungsmuseum), Wadgassen, Germany.

Museum für Druckgrafik, Rankweil, Austria.

IMOGA Istanbul museum of graphic arts (Istanbul grafik sanatlar müzesi), Istanbul, Turkey. The museum also houses the Artess printmaking studio (1984) whose origins go back to 1974.

2005

Museum of typography, Chania, Greece.

Litografiska Museet (Lithography museum), Sundby Gård, Huddinge, Sweden.

m.a.x. museo, Chiasso, Italy. Museum dedicated to the work and archives of the Swiss graphic designer Max Huber.

2006

Musée de l’imprimerie du Québec, Montréal, Canada. Le Petit musée de l’impression fut créé en 2006. Il adopta son nom actuel en 2012.

2007

Museo della stampa Remondini, Bassano del Grappa, Italy.

Izba Drukarstwa, Lublin, Poland.

2008

Eesti Trykimuuseum (Estonian printing museum), Tartu, Estonia.

Museo della stampa e stampa d’arte, Lodi, Italy.

MOTI Museum of the image, Breda, Netherlands (which officially adopted this name in 2011). On 1 January 2017, MOTI merged with Breda’s Museum to become Stedelijk Museum Breda.

2010

Museo del Libto Fadrique de Baslea, Burgos, Spain.

Maison de la typographie, Haspres, France.

Bibliotheca Wittockiana, Brussels, Belgium. Originally a private collection centred on the book arts and bookbinding, the Bibliotheca Wittockiana opened to the public in 1983. It acquired official museum status in 2010.

2011

Museo Alzamora, Girona, Spain.

Musée de l’imprimerie de Limoux, Limoux (Aude), France.

Comana Paper Museum, Comana, Romania. Paper mill and letterpress printing and bookbinding workshop-museum.

2012

Spazio La Stampa, Turin, Italy. House museum of La Stampa daily newspaper.

Conservatoire des arts et techniques graphiques, Ribeauvillé, France.

The Museum of Printing, Yerevan, Armenia.

Georgia Weekly Newspaper Museum, Homer, Georgia, United States. Privetaly-owned museum show how a typical North American rural weekly newspaper was published by letterpress in the era of 1888-1940, and even into the 1960s.

2013

Museu de imprensa Madeira, Câmara de Lobos, Madeira.

The Royal Press, Melaka, Malaysia. Living metterpress museum based on the polyglot printing establishment of the same name.

2014

Musée Médard, Lunel, France. Consacré à l’histoire du livre et aux arts et métiers liés au patrimoine écrit, conçu autour de la collection qui a été léguée à la ville de Lunel par le bibliophile Louis Médard (1768-1841).

Barcelona Design Museum, Barcelona, Spain. Incorporating a large part of the collections of the Museu de les Arts Gráfiques (1981-1994).

2015

Le Moulin à papier du Liveau, Clisson, France.

2018

Atelier-Musée Imprimerie (AMI), Malesherbes, France.

Museo del Libro e Officina della Stampa, Montepulciano, Italy.

 

Organisations working in the field of printing heritage

1901 : Gutenberg Gesellschaft, Germany

1954 : Wynkyn de Worde society, United Kingdom

1964 : Printing historical society, United Kingdom

1971 : International Senefelder Foundation, Germany

1975 : The Ephemera Society, United Kingdom

1979 : American printing history association, United States

1980 : The Ephemera Society of America, United States

1981 : Bild-Druck-Papier, Germany. In 2017 the working group ceased activity, replaced by the BildDruckPapier forum which was founded the same year.

1983 : Internationalen Arbeitkreises Druck- und Mediengeschichte (IADM), originally the Internationalen Arbeitkreises Druckgeschichte (IAD).

1987 : Victorian Printing Historical Society, Melbourne, Australia. Short-lived but very active.

1988 : Scottish Printing Archival Trust, founded to promote the preservation of skills, archives and artefacts relating to the heritage of the printing trade.

1989 : National printing heritage trust, United Kingdom (formally launched in April 1992). It became the National Printing Heritage Committee of the Printing Historical Society in 2016.

1991 : Sharp (Society for the history of authorship, reading and publishing), United States

1993 : Centre for ephemera studies, United Kingdom

2001 : Association of European printing museums